Office: 238 TLRB
Phone: 801-422-7557
Gary Burlingame, Professor

Department: Psychology



Dr. Gary M. Burlingame completed his doctoral work in Counseling Psychology at the University of Utah in 1983 and joined BYU’s faculty the same year. He is a professor of Psychology and has been affiliated with clinical psychology doctoral program since 1983. Dr. Burlingame’s scholarly work is focused in two areas: factors that lead to effective small group treatments in the treatment of mental and medical illness and measurement. He has contributed over 40 books and book chapters along with over 130 peer reviewed articles to the group literature and nearly 50 publications focusing on the Outcome Questionnaire (OQ 45) and Youth Outcome Questionnaire. Dr. Burlingame’s undergraduate and graduate teaching interests include measurement, research methodology, statistics and training in individual and group psychotherapy.

Dr. Burlingame has served as a consultant to over 20 federal, state and private entities including the White House, Department of Labor, Food & Drug Administration. He has served as a consultant to private and state agencies in implementing changes in practice patterns to increase the use of group and outcomes-informed treatment. His direct training has been received by thousands of consumers, clinicians, line administrators and executive staff. He has received a number career awards including national (American Psychological Association; American Group Psychotherapy Association) and international (German College of Psychosomatic Medicine) recognition. He is a fellow of the American Group Psychotherapy Association and the American Psychological Association (APA) where he served as President of APA’s Society of Group Psychology and Group Psychotherapy (2009-2011). Notable university awards for excellence in scholarship, teaching and citizenship include a University Professorship (2011-2016), the Wells & Myrle Cloward Teaching and Learning Fellowship (207-2010) and the Abraham O. Smoot Citizenship Award (2005), respectively.

Dr. Burlingame and his colleague Michael Lambert co-developed OQ Measures which disseminates outcome instruments (e.g., OQ 45, YOQ, etc.) on five continents and nearly 40 languages. His most recent efforts have focused on training and implementation protocols that integrate outcome instruments into daily clinical practice supporting treatment planning and progress notes using evidence-based outcome instruments. Clinical settings that he’s worked with include private practice, statewide community mental health systems, state psychiatric hospitals, child/youth treatments (out/inpatient, day-treatment, residential, in-home, wilderness, etc.), military (e.g., VA and active duty), faith-based and neighborhood partnerships, consumer advocacy and federal agencies.


  • PhD, University of Utah, 1983
  • MS, University of Utah, 1981
  • BS, Andrews University, 1978

Research Interests

I’ve been interested in small group treatments for over 30 years. For instance, for the past several decades my students and I have been testing which group treatment protocols produce the best outcomes with different patient populations, and which member characteristics predict greater improvement while in group. We’ve also developed international collaborations devoted to identifying common mechanisms of change and leader interventions that are linked to more successful groups. This research has led to the development of a selection (GRQ; Group Readiness Questionnaire), leader intervention (GPIRS; Group Psychotherapy Intervention Rating Scale), and group mechanism of change (GQ; Group Questionnaire) measures, which have been linked to process, outcome, and member attrition in studies from three countries and several clinical populations. We just finished a three-site, randomized clinical trial to test the effect of providing leaders with feedback on the GQ and OQ. As a codeveloper of the OQ and YOQ , my lab also has a small number of studies that focus on outcome with particular emphasis in the severely mentally ill and children or youth. We typically cooperate with the Utah State Hospital and Professor Jared Warren’s lab to support these studies.


  • Fellow, American Group Psychotherapy Association
  • Fellow, American Psychological Association
  • University Professorship, BYU, 2021
  • Presidential Citation for Outstanding Contributions, American Psychological Association, 2014
  • Hickman Scholar, Family, Home and Social Science College, 2012
  • President, American Psychological Association Division 49, 2011
  • Wells & Myrle Cloward Teaching & Learning Fellowship, Brigham Young University, 2010
  • Adolf-Ernst-Meyer-Award for Psychotherapy Research, German College of Psychosomatic Medicine, 2007
  • Centennial Global Service Award, Loma Linda University, 2006
  • Group Psychologist of the Year, American Psychological Association, 2006
  • Abrahman O. Smoot Citizenship, Brigham Young University, 2005
  • Outstanding Contributions in Education & Training in Group Psychotherapy, American Group Psychotherapy Association, 2003
  • Anne Alonso Award for Best Group Psychotherapy Paper, 2002

Professional Affiliations

  • Society for Psychotherapy Research

Publication Info

  • Gary Michael Burlingame, Rob Davies, Jessica Kirchhoefer (2017). Self-help groups. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology.
  • Dominque Schwartz, Sarah Barkowski, Bernhard Strauss, Gary Michael Burlingame, Jurgen Barth, Jenny Rosendahl (2017). Efficacy of group psychotherapy for panic disorder: A meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials . Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice.
  • Gary Michael Burlingame, Jennifer L Jensen (2017). Small group process and outcome research highlights:A 25-year perspective. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy.
  • Gary Burlingame, Jyssica Seebeck, Rebecca Janis, Kait Whitcomb, Sarah Barkowski, Jenny Rosendahl, Bernhard Strauss (2016). Outcome differences between individual and group formats when equivalent and nonequivalent treatments, patients and doses are compared: A 25-year meta-analytic perspective. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice.
  • Brittany Barnes, Gary Michael Burlingame (2016). Using Mindfulness-based and Compassion-focused Therapies in Treating Serious Mental Illness. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy.
  • Rebecca Janis, Gary Burlingame, Joseph Olsen (2016). Evaluating Factor Structures of Measures Used in Group Research: Looking Between and Within. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice.
  • Sally Barlow, Gary Burlingame, Les Greene, Anthony Joyce, Frank Kaklauskas, Janice Kinley, Diane Feirman (2015). Evidence-based practice in group psychotherapy . Science to Service Task Force Practice Guidelines.
  • Gary Michael Burlingame (2014). Some observations on how the practice of small group treatments can be built upon the foundation of research: A 30+ year perspective. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy.
  • Steve Thayer, Gary Michael Burlingame (2014). The Validity of the Group Questionnaire: Construct Clarity or Construct Drift? Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice.
  • Gary Michael Burlingame, Kaity Whitcomb, Sean Woodland (2014). Process and outcome in group psychotherapy. Handbook of Group Work.