Patrick Steffen, Professor

Department: Psychology



Office: 287 TLRB

Phone: 801-422-7757


Patrick Steffen’s broad research interests lie in the areas of health psychology and behavioral medicine, with specific interests in culture, spirituality, and health. He is particularly interested in the Hispanic Paradox and how disadvantaged groups display resiliency and positive adaptation in spite of significant stressors. He has authored and co-authored articles in Psychosomatic Medicine, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Journal of Behavioral Medicine, American Journal of Hypertension, Ethnicity and Disease, and Mental Health, Religion, and Culture; and co-authored chapters in the Oxford Handbook of Health Psychology and the Handbook of Primary Care Psychology. Dr. Steffen is currently a professor of psychology and the director of clinical training in the Brigham Young University clinical psychology program. Before coming to BYU, Steffen was a postdoctoral research fellow in cardiovascular behavioral medicine at Duke University Medical Center. He received his PhD and master’s degrees at the University of Miami in clinical health psychology, and a bachelor’s degree in psychology with minors in statistics and philosophy from Brigham Young University.

Research Interests

Stress and health; stress reduction and biofeedback; the effects of culture and spirituality on health


  • President-elect from Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 2017

Professional Affiliations

  • Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

Recent Publications

  • Caldwell, Y., & Steffen, P. (2018). Adding HRV biofeedback to psychotherapy increase heart rate variability and improves the treatment of major depressive disorder. International Journal of Psychophysiology.
  • Steffen, P. (2018). Hispanic ethnicity, stress psychophysiology, and paradoxical health outcomes: A review with conceptual considerations and a call for research. International Journal of Psychophysiology.
  • Hughes, B., Steffen, P., & Thayer, J. (2018). Special issue on the psychophysiology of stress and adaptation: Models, pathways, and implications. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 1-3.
  • Dewey, D., Belnap, R., & Steffen, P. (2018). Anxiety: Stress, Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety, and Enjoyment During Study Abroad in Amman, Jordan. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics (ARAL).
  • Steffen, P., Austin, T., DeBarros, D., & Brown, T. (2017). The impact of resonance frequency breathing on measures of heart rate variability, blood pressure, and mood. Frontiers in Public Health.
  • Steffen, P., Austin, T., & DeBarros, D. (2017). Treating chronic stress to address the growing problem of depression and anxiety: biofeedback and mindfulness as simple, effective preventative measures.. Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
  • Steffen, P., & Baldwin, S. (2017). What mediates the relationship between religious service attendance and aspects of well-being?. Journal of Religion and Health, 56, 158-170.
  • Steffen, P., Elliott, C., Lassen, M., Olsen, J., & Smith, L. (2017). Expanding schema conceptualization and assessment: toward a richer understanding of adaptive and maladaptive functioning. Australian Journal of Psychology.
  • Steffen, P., Masters, K., & Baldwin, S. (forthcoming). What mediates the relationship between religious service attendance and aspects of well being?. Journal of Religion and Health.
  • Nielson, C., Lockhart, B., George, J., Hager, R., Eggett, D., Steffen, P., Bailey, B. (2016). The Effect of CardioWaves Interval Training on Resting Blood Pressure, Resting Heart Rate, and Mind-Body Wellness. In International Journal of Exercise Science (pp. 89-100). Western Kentucky University.
  • Steffen, P., Walker, J., Meredith, R., & Anderson, C. (2016). The effects of job instability and financial strain on C-reactive protein in a sample of Mexican immigrants. Ethnicity and Disease, 26, 37-44.
  • Steffen, P., & Larson, M. (2015). A brief mindfulness exercise significantly reduces cardiovascular reactivity during a laboratory stressor paradigm. Mindfulness, 6(4), 803-811.
  • Steffen, P., Clayton, S., & Swinyard, W. (2015). Religious orientation and life aspirations. Journal of Religion and Health.
  • Steffen, P. (2014). Psychotherapy participants show increased cardiovascular and cortisol reactivity to a laboratory stressor relative to matched controls. Frontiers in Psychology.
  • Steffen, P. (2014). Perfectionism and Life Aspirations in Intrinsically and Extrinsically Religious Individuals. Journal of Religion and Health.
  • Jensen, B., Steffen, P., & Holt-Lunstad, J. (2013). Ethnic Differences in Relationship Orientation, Marital Quality and Ambulatory Blood Pressure.. Ethnicity and Disease, 23, 175-181.
  • Larson, M., & Steffen, P. (2013). The impact of a brief mindfulness meditation intervention on cognitive control and error-related performance monitoring. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7(308), 1-12.
  • Ruiz, J., Steffen, P., & Smith, T. (2013). Hispanic Mortality Paradox: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the longitudinal literature. American Journal of Public Health, e1-e9.
  • Merrill, R., Steffen, P., & Hunter, B. (2012). A comparison of religious orientation and health between Whites and Hispanics. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(4), 1261-77.
  • Steffen, P. (2012). Approaching the Relationship between Religiosity/Spirituality and Health from the Eudaimonic Perspective. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 6(1), 70-82.
  • Steffen, P. (2011). Spirituality and severity of menopausal symptoms in a sample of religious women. Journal of Religion and Health, 50, 721-729.
  • Ruiz, J. M., Steffen, P., & Prather, C. C. (2011). Socioeconomic Status and Health. Handbook of Health Psychology, 2nd Edition.
  • Steffen, P., & Merrill, R. (2011). The association between religion and acculturation in Utah-Mexican immigrants. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 14(6), 561-573.
  • Holt-Lunstad, J., Steffen, P., Pickard, P., Sandberg, J., & Pederson, W. (2010). Marital quality and risk factors for CHD. Psychosomatic Medicine, 72, A35.
  • Steffen, P., Walker, J., Van Dyke, J., & Anderson, C. (2010). Marital satisfaction, but not marital status, buffers the negative effects of acculturative stress in Mexican immigrnts. Psychosomatic Medicine, 72, A54.